Baseball: A game widely Played In United States Of America

Baseball is a two- team batting game . The protection bring a ball into play, which the attackers have to hit with a bat. If the ball has been hit successfully, the attackers can score points by running four bases . The defenders try to prevent this by throwing the beaten ball before the run time.

American baseball has emerged from 18th-century European punchball variants. Emigrants brought the game to the United States , where from the mid-19th century, the current rules were developed.

The economically strongest professional league in the world is the North American Major League Baseball (MLB) with a turnover of over 9 billion USD. [1] It also enjoys baseball, especially in parts of Latin America and East Asia popularity.
The following are the most important rules and a summary of the game principle. More details can be found in the article Baseball Rules .

Explanation video of the baseball rules
The game Brennball is a simplified version of baseball and can serve as a starting point for understanding baseball. Even cricket is relatively closely related to baseball, despite many deviations in detail.

The rules of modern baseball game can be traced back to a set of rules that Alexander Cartwright wrote under the title RULES & REGULATIONS OF THE Recently Invented Game OF BASE BALL AS ADOPTED BY the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club on September 23, 1845 [2] .

Two teams of nine players each. Multiple alternately has a team that beat right (offense) and can runs (points) achieve, while the other team’s defense (Defense) to defend the field and tries to bring the ball under control quickly. The goal of the game is to score more runs than your opponent. The Offense players try to hit the ball thrown by the defense and then counterclockwise to reach the next safe base . If the players are the defenseTo get the ball under control faster, they can prevent this and the player of the offense is eliminated. If a player of the offense does not hit the ball or is not on a base , he can be taken out of the game by touching the ball .

A run is made when a player passes the offense all three bases and has reached his home plate again. If three players are out by the Offense team , both teams change. A round (a team plays offense and defense) is called an inning . After nine innings, the game ends.

The playing field consists of two parts and is usually limited by a fencing. The so-called Fair Territory usually has the shape of a quarter circle whose straight edges are foul lines between 90 and 120 meters long. The area outside the foul lines is referred to as foul territory (shown in blue in the adjacent drawing).

Most actions take place in the infield (in the drawing olive), a square in the top of the quarter circle of 90 feet (27.43 m) edge length whose corners are marked by the three bases and the home plate . The rest of the Fair Territory is called Outfield (shown in green in the drawing). The Americans call the game because of the diamond shape of the infield and Diamond (diamond, diamond, diamond in playing cards).

Innings and playing time 

A game section is called inning and consists of two half innings (top & bottom). It is always the away team Offense in the first Halbinning, In the second Halbinning then the home team is on strike. Both teams are allowed to beat each other in their offensive half-netting until three of their players are ‘out’. The players of the offense compete individually against the pitcher in a pre-match batting order determined by their team and announced to the referees. The batting order is to be understood as a rotation, that means after the ninth player of the batting order, the first player goes back to the field. The batting order is not started at the beginning of a half-innings, but it beats the player who is on the list below the last (in the previous inning) beating player of his team. (Exception: The third outwas another runner, z. B. by pick-off and the batter itself is not out . In this case, the batter will be back in the next inning.)

It usually consists of nine such innings . According to the 10-run rule, which is used in many leagues, the game ends with ten or more points lead at the end of an innings, but not earlier than two and a half innings before the regular end. Other leagues may have 15-run and 20-run rules. If the home team leads at the end of the eighth inning and the guests do not score enough runs in their part of the ninth to go at least equal, then the second half-netting – which in any case could only be result cosmetics – is abandoned and the game is decided. If there is a draw after the set number of innings, then each time is extended by another full inning (extra inning)until a team wins or the weather, the lack of pitchers or in unlit squares lead to the demolition or interruption of the game.

Typical baseball ad

Explanation of a typical box score display in baseball sport.

In Japan and Spring Training , after a set number of extra innings a game is scored as a tie. In some competitions with relatively large differences in the skill levels of the participating teams – including the Olympic Games – a game is prematurely ended when a team has a certain number of runs in the lead. This rule prevents the better team from staying overly long because the worse team fails to achieve the necessary three ‘out’ within a reasonable period of time.

In German leagues sometimes double header are played, so two games in a row. Depending on the league in Germany 2 × 5, 2 × 7, 1 × 7 or 1 × 9 innings are common. Since 2008 double headers with 2 × 9 innings are played in the German Bundesliga.

In Major League Baseball, there are always at least nine innings played (eight and a half if the home team is in the lead). If a game is canceled or interrupted due to bad weather, for example, it will be rescheduled or completed on another match day, in addition to the match originally scheduled for that later match day (Double Header). The referee decides if a match is canceled or suspended due to bad weather conditions or other reasons.

In the baseball leagues below the major leagues (the so-called minor leagues ), however, games under certain circumstances, such as in bad weather conditions, prematurely terminated and declared the current leading team to the winner. However, at least five innings must have been played (four and a half, if the home team is in the lead), otherwise the game will be interrupted and continued at another time.

Also in the Minor Leagues canceled games are made up as part of a double header , but both games are shortened to seven innings. If, on the other hand , a game is interrupted (for example, if less than five innings have been played, but the game can not be resumed due to bad weather conditions), then the interrupted game will be played out on one of the following matchdays and thereafter played the originally scheduled game in full length instead.

In the Minor Leagues, unlike Major Leagues, games are still canceled or interrupted due to bad weather. This is partly because the stadiums are inferior (no canopy, inferior lighting, poorer wind protection) or the pitches are inferior in quality (the ground softens when it rains). The tickets of spectators lose their validity in canceled games, but can be redeemed for the next matchday.

The art of the pitcher on the other hand therein, the balls a Effet mitzugeben ( Curve ball , slider , Sinking ball etc.), so that it becomes difficult for the batter to assess whether the pitch is legal. So it is often experienced that the batter stops his flapping motion, and then the umpire teaches him that he has let a strike pass. Even a slow throw ( change-up ) can mess up the timing of the batter if it expects a quick pitch.

If the baller punches four balls against a batter , he may advance to the first base. This is commonly called a walk (correct: base on balls ) because the batter can go to first base in this case. If a runner is already standing on this base , he may advance to the second base, since only one player may stand on each base. If all bases are occupied (bases loaded) , then a walk costs at the same time a point (run) , since all runners move one base further, the player on the third base reaches the home plate and thus oneRun scored.

The Walk is often deliberately (see strategy) used (Intentional Walk), if you prefer not to pitch against a known as a high-class batter – with high hit average (batting average) and many home runs ; This is even more true, if bases are already occupied and it could come to several runs. At the sign of his trainer (manager) , after the ball is thrown, the catcher moves one meter beside the home plate , catching four balls deliberately thrown by the pitcher at the home plate .

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